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In 1995, Jeremy Rifkin wrote in his book,

The End of Work

”, that we need to

announce the transition to a post-market

economy, to define new forms of business

and new ways of distributing income. This

requires strong action in two areas: reducing

working time and developing the ‘third

sector’, in which people organise themselves

in communities providing a growing

proportion of the services they need.

New concepts are now appearing, such as

“prosperity without growth”, “simple living”,

or “transition initiatives”.

Joseph E. Stiglitz regularly alerts

Europeans to the damage caused by

excessive liberalisation and growing income

inequality, pointing to the ineffectiveness of

austerity policies increasingly becoming the

“suicide of Europe”, and the need to look

for alternatives.

There is a serious danger of a rise in

poverty, unemployment and xenophobic

discourse without anything being done

about it

”, said Michael D. Higgins, President

of the Republic of Ireland.

Has the time come to use “smartness,

sustainability and inclusion” to look

for new ways forward?

In the absence of any clear timelines for

sustainable growth, has the time not come

to leverage “smartness, sustainability and

inclusion” in the search for new ways of

doing things?

New thoughts abound in this area,

but unfortunately they are all too often

obscured by the dominant thinking – even

though “yesterday’s solutions” are indisput-

ably insufficient to overcome the challenges

we are faced with.

In the 1970’s, Ignacy Sachs came up

with the concept of “eco-development”,

the book, “

The Limits to Growth

”, was

published at the request of the Club of

Rome, and Paul Schumacher popularised

the concept, “

Small is beautiful


“I hope that we, as gypsy entrepreneurs, will also get

opportunities in our country, and we will be allowed to

do more than pass in front of the police and bow as they

expect us to do. Instead of this we would like to work

without prejudice.”

Imre “Zorro” Mata,

Kegyetlen social cooperative, Hungary


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