(25 November 2015) – In the European Union, environmental taxes amounted to €330.1 bn in 2013, compared with €272.1 bn in 2003.
When looking at the main categories of environmental taxes, taxes on energy (77% of total environmental taxes) made up more than three-quarters of the total revenue from environmental taxes in the EU, well ahead of taxes on transport (20%) and those on pollution and resources (3%).
The proportion of environmental taxes in total revenues from taxes and social contributions varied significantly across the EU Member States. With a share above 10%, Slovenia (10.5%) and Bulgaria (10.1%) were in 2013 the two EU Member States where environmental taxes had the greatest relative importance, followed by Croatia (9.6%), the Netherlands (9.0%) and Denmark (8.9%).
At the opposite end of the scale, Belgium and France (both 4.5%) recorded the lowest shares of environmental taxes in total revenues from taxes and social contributions in 2013.