(22 April 2016) – In the European Union, environmental taxes amounted to €343.6 billion in 2014, compared with €282.0 billion in 2004. Slovenia, Croatia and Greece had the highest share of environmental taxes, and Belgium and France the lowest.
The share of environmental taxes in total revenues from taxes and social contributions is an indicator of the resource efficiency scoreboard which monitors the implementation of the roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe.
This roadmap recommends a substantial increase in the share of environmental taxes in line with best practice of Members States (shares exceeding 10%).
Looking at the main categories of environmental taxes, taxes on energy (76.5% of total environmental taxes) made up more than three-quarters of the total revenue from environmental taxes in the EU, well ahead of taxes on transport (19.9%) and those on pollution and resources (3.6%).