(30 March 2017) – In 2015, regional GDP per capita, expressed in terms of purchasing power standards, ranged from slightly less than 30% of the European Union average in the Bulgarian region of Severozapaden, to 580% of the average in Inner London-West in the UK.
The leading regions in the ranking, after Inner London-West (580% of the average), were the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (264%), Hamburg (206%), Brussels (205%) and Bratislava (188%).
There were 20 regions with GDP per capita 50% or more above the EU average in 2015: five were in Germany, four in the United Kingdom, two each in the Netherlands and Austria, one each in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Slovakia and Sweden, as well as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
Among the 19 regions with GDP per capita below 50% of the EU average, five were in Bulgaria, four each in Hungary and Poland, three in Romania, two in Greece and one in France.
It should be noted, however, that in some regions the GDP per capita figures can be significantly influenced by commuter flows. Net commuter inflows in these regions push up production to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own. There is a corresponding effect in regions with commuter outflows.