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Women and employment in the EU: common trends but differences between countries

Mar 7, 2013 | News

(07 March 2013) – On the occasion of International Women’s Day on 8 March, Eurostat publishes a selection of data on women in employment and on reconciliation of work and family life.

In 2011, a third of managers in the EU27 were women. There were fewer female than male managers in all Member States, with the highest proportions of female managers recorded in 2011 in Latvia (45%), Hungary (41%) and France (40%), and the lowest in Cyprus (15%), Greece (23%) and Malta (24%).

There are significantly more female than male teachers at primary and secondary education level in all Member States. On the other hand, at tertiary education level, the proportion of female academic staff (lecturers and researchers) was 40% in the EU27, with the highest percentages in Latvia (59%), Lithuania (55%) and Finland (50%), and the lowest in Malta (30%), the Czech Republic, France and Italy (all 36%).

In 2010, 45% of physicians in the EU27 were women, compared with 38% in 2001. The highest proportions were found in Estonia and Latvia (both 74%), Lithuania (70%) and Romania (69%), and the lowest in Luxembourg (30% in 2011), Belgium (36%), Italy and Malta (both 37%).

For women having children, the highest proportions of those working part-time were observed in the Netherlands (81% for those with one child aged less than 6 and 92% for those with three or more children), Austria (60% and 69%), Germany (56% and 77%) and the United Kingdom (48% and 67%). As for flexible working hours, they are most used in the Nordic Member States.

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